The definition of public prosecutor is a public official who prosecutes criminal offenses on behalf of the government. This person is known as the attorney general when employed by the government. Public prosecutors are involved in the filing of criminal charges against individuals or corporations, and they also represent the government in court.
Institute of Public Prosecutors (IPPs) are the law-enforcement officials who carry out the functions, duties and responsibilities of the prosecuting agency in the courts of law in India. It is a qualified advocate who is appointed by the state government to prosecute cases in the courts. IPPs are usually recruited by the state Public Services Commission or the Union Public Services Commission. As the name suggests, IPPs are registered with the Indian Bar Council and so they need to have a law degree.
Public prosecutors play an important role in the judicial system. They represent the government in criminal and civil law cases. Individuals and companies that break the law are often prosecuted by public prosecutors. If you want to become a public prosecutor in India, you need to have a law degree and obtain a license from the Bar Council of India.
The crime rate in India has risen sharply in recent years. The Indian legal system is weak when compared to the legal structures in other countries. It is time to improve the Indian legal system and there is only one way to do it. Well, this generation is the only one that understands the beauty of the law. The field of law is an ideal choice for candidates who have a bold character, can stand pressure, have good communication skills and have a wide social circle in which they can easily establish themselves. The practitioner needs to be more focused when reviewing the case. If you want to learn more about the legal system, you can choose to become a lawyer. Good representatives have the ability to change outdated views of the law, and the prosecutor is one of those who has that power. It is not only a higher position, but also a greater responsibility of the state and the central government. We will try to cover here all the important aspects that you need to learn to become a prosecutor. Without wasting time, let’s explore PP’s authority and responsibility, performance level, future prospects and salary range.
Who is a prosecutor?
A prosecutor is a qualified person hired by the legislature (central and state governments) to help prosecute criminal cases against the state. He is also designated as the state’s legal representative in criminal matters. The main task of the Supreme Court of Cassation and Justice is to administer justice in the public interest. Moreover, he has the right to file a criminal complaint with the court once the police investigation is completed. It is his duty to present all important facts, evidence and documents to the court and remain neutral. At the time of final sentencing, the prosecutor gives the judge a specific direction. Here we discuss some of the steps involved in becoming a prosecutor. Step -1 Selection criteria Applicants should be clear about the plaintiff’s category before explaining the qualification criteria. There are two categories in the DA’s office:
- District Attorney – This category of district attorney is appointed for a term of three to five years.
- District Court Attorney – A District Court Attorney in this category is appointed on a permanent basis. Selection in this category is done through the UPSC exam process.
Candidates who wish to become prosecutors must meet the following qualifications. Academic Qualification: Each law school in India has its own selection process for undergraduate and graduate law programs. However, you may take one of the following courses offered by the Law Department.
- Admission to undergraduate law programs :
- Candidates must have completed 10+2 in some direction from a recognized board.
- Candidates must score at least 45% on the qualifying exam.
- To get admission in UG Law course, the candidates have to clear the entrance exams like CLAT, All India Law Entrance Test.
- Those who want to pursue a career in law at the undergraduate level can pursue integrated 5-year LLB courses such as BBA LLB, BA LLB, B.Com LLB, B.Sc LLB.
- Admission to postgraduate law schools :
- Candidates must hold a Bachelor’s degree in one of the following disciplines (Arts, Commerce and Science) from a recognized university for admission to the PG Law course.
- The candidate must hold a bachelor’s degree with a cumulative average of at least 60%.
- Some popular exams that candidates should consider to get a seat in a reputed university are Delhi University Entrance Examination, All India Law Entrance Examination (AILE), Indian Law School Entrance Examination, etc.
- Requirements for admission to law school:
- To pursue a career in law at the LLB level, an aspirant must complete a three-year LLB course at a university recognized by the Bar Council of India.
- Candidates must achieve a minimum of 55% to be admitted to the Master’s program.
Additional qualifications for a prosecutor are. Nationality: Candidates must be Indian citizens. Law degree: Applicants must have a law degree. Experience: Candidates must have practiced as a lawyer for at least 7 years. Age Limit: The candidate must be aged between 35 and 45 years at the time of application. The age limit can be raised by the government for candidates belonging to the so-called Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other backward classes. Step -2 Gaining experience during the familiarisation period Being a prosecutor is a tough job. Candidates are encouraged to undertake a long-term internship with a law firm. Some experience as a prosecutor is required. During the internship, candidates can improve their skills in writing, presenting, editing and performing. Candidates can acquire in-depth legal knowledge. Regular classes, case studies and key assessments will help you make significant progress in this area. However, candidates should keep abreast of the latest developments, news and current affairs. Years of experience and the right orientation will help you build a career in your field. Step 3 – Qualifications for the UPSC exam The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is calling for applications for various posts of Public Prosecutor, such as Assistant Public Prosecutor, at the Home Affairs Department of the NCT, Directorate of Public Prosecutions. Candidates who want to become public prosecutors have to participate in the exam conducted by the UPSC. The candidates will be selected through a written examination conducted by the UPSC. You can visit the official website of UPSC for more details.
syllabus for the assistant district attorney examination
The following papers will be considered for the UPSC exam:.
- General English – 100 points, Duration: 3 hours
- General training – 100 points, duration: 2 hours
- Letterhead – 1, 200 stamps, duration: 2 hours
- Legal work – 2, 200 points, duration: 2 hours
- (A) Legal work – 3, 150 points, duration: 2 hours
(B) Qualifying examination – 50 marks C) Personal interview – 100 points
- General English : This course covers the following topics
- essay writing
- letter writing
- Idioms and phrases
- lane widening
- Understanding of the passages given
- Grammar – the parts of speech, nouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, tenses, antonyms, synonyms, etc.
- Correct use and dictionaries
- General Studies : This topic is about questions related to objects (MCQs). Here are some of the key topics covered in this course
- Events of national and international importance
- History of India and the Indian National Movement
- Geography of India and the world: Social, physical and economic geography of India and the world
- Indian politics and governance : Constitution, Panchayati Raj, political system, law and order, legal issues and more.
- Economic and social development Sustainable development, poverty, social initiatives Inclusion, demography, etc.
- General questions on environmental ecology, climate change and biodiversity
- General Science
- General awareness of Mizo culture, heritage and society.
- Good. Paper-1 : This article also addresses objective issues. The main themes of this work are.
- Jurisprudence – nature and sources of law, schools of law, concept of property and possession, concept of rights and duties, legal persons, rule of law, legal reasoning.
- 4. Administrative law – nature, scope and importance of administrative law, relationship to constitutional law, separation of powers, legislative power of the state 5. Judicial review of the administration, Ombudsman in India
- Tort – development of tort, nature, scope and importance, general principles of tort liability, general protection, specific tort – negligence, nuisance, trespass and defamation, possibility of compensation, strict liability and strict liability, state tort liability.
- Contract law – history and formation of a contract, offer and acceptance, jurisdiction of a contract, legality of objects, remedies for breach of contract.
- Yuridicheskaya Gazeta – 2 : This task consists of objective MCQs. The main topics of this course are.
- Constitutional law – historical background, meaning and preamble, nature of Indian constitution, citizenship, fundamental rights, guiding principles of law and order, executive power of the Union and states and parliament etc.
- Family Law – Sources and schools of law, marriage and dissolution of marriage, remedies in matrimonial matters – divorce and theories of divorce, Hindu undivided family, maintenance, adoption and guardianship, inheritance and succession, wills, gifts, etc.
- Environmental Law – Meaning and types of environment, pollution – causes and effects, common law remedies, international environmental law and UN conferences, constitutional and legal framework for environmental protection in India, environmental impact assessment and control of hazardous waste in India, environmental legislation in India etc.
- Labour Law – Industrial Disputes Act, 1947; Trade Union Act, 1926; Workers’ Compensation Act, 1923; Minimum Wage Act, 1948; Factories Act, 1948.
- (A) Legal document -3 : Target type MCQs
- Penal Code – Offences against public order, Offences against the human body, General statement and principles of criminal law, Right to private defence, Sedition, Libel, Offences against property.
- Code of Criminal Procedure – Powers of courts, arrest of persons, compulsory attendance procedure, report of first information and investigative powers of police, trial by magistrate, provisions on bail, appeal, bail and review.
- Law of evidence – history and development of the law of evidence, relationship between facts and evidence, burden of proof, witnesses and examination of witnesses.
(B) Proficiency Test: The test also included objective questions.
- Tests for working with numbers and images
- Verbal analysis and vocabulary tests
- Visual and spatial ability tests
- Testing abstract thinking
C) Personal maintenance : The selected candidates will present themselves to a panel of experts. Candidates are advised to familiarise themselves with the most recent judgments and decisions of the Court. He or she must also have good communication skills. After a selection procedure with interviews, candidates are given vocational training. Step – 4 Choose a suitable institution/college/university In India, private and public law institutes and universities offer UG and PG law courses. Before you decide on a career in law, it is a good idea to do some research on the university you are considering. Below is a list of institutions offering law courses.
- National Law School of the University of India (NLSIU), Bangalore
- National Law University, New Delhi
- Chandigarh University, Chandigarh
- Nalsar Law University, Nalsar, Hyderabad
- Parul University, Vadodara
- Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
- Symbiosis Law School, Pune
- National Law University, Jodhpur
- Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune
- West Bengal National University of Legal Studies, Kolkata
- Bennett University, Greater Noida
- National Law Institute University, Bhopal
- Institute of Indian Law, New Delhi
Rate and compensation for prosecution
A prosecutor can earn a good salary depending on the position and experience. The salary may vary depending on the position of the prosecutor. A prosecutor’s salary is divided into three levels: Entry level, intermediate level and advanced level. At the initial level, an Attorney General receives INR 3,50,000 per annum. At the middle level, he or she will earn 8,40,000 INR per year and at the highest level, he or she can earn 13,30,000 INR per year. In addition, government-approved SRs receive compensation commensurate with the position they hold.
The different tasks of a prosecutor
The prosecutor works as a chief prosecutor or works under the direction of a chief prosecutor. This position is determined by the higher authorities, while the deputy prosecutor is promoted to the position of senior prosecutor. Here are some popular mentions of the job description of a prosecutor.
- Public Prosecutor
- Minister of Justice
- Additional Prosecutor
- Deputy Public Prosecutor
- Director of Public Prosecution
Vacancies for public prosecutors
A prosecutor can seek employment in the private and public sectors. But remember, these are district attorneys who may work for different companies. The government-approved prosecutor is merely a legitimate agent of the state. Here are some areas to consider.
- District Court
- Law firms
- Supreme Courts
- Supreme Courts
- Legal pages
- Universities of law
- Commercial companies
Becoming a prosecutor is a challenge, but it’s also a challenge. This position gives you global exposure to government or non-government sectors. I hope this article gives you the right direction.If you are planning to apply for the position of Public Prosecutor in India, you must ensure that you have an understanding of all the essential qualifications you must meet along with any special requirements for the job. A prosecutor’s job is to represent the government in court. The Public Prosecutor is a government-appointed lawyer, whose role is to represent the state (or, on occasion, the federal government) at criminal trials. Public prosecutors are referred to by a wide variety of titles, but the most common is simply “prosecutor.” Public prosecutors are also referred to as “county prosecutors” or “district attorneys.” Public prosecutors play a critical role in the criminal justice. Read more about public prosecutor salary in india? – quora and let us know what you think.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the salary of public prosecutor in India?
Public Prosecutor is a job role in the criminal justice system in the India. The prosecutor is responsible for presenting the case of the prosecution before the court in the trial of criminal cases in the name of the state. The Government of India sets the minimum qualification for appointment as a public prosecutor with respect to age, educational qualification, minimum experience and salary. According to the National Crime Records Bureau of India, in 2013, the total number of crimes reported was more than II Lakhs (2,11,012). These crimes include 479,236 assaults, 386,382 thefts, and 169,367 rioting cases. On the whole, it was found that the rate of cognizable crimes is increasing in India. In 2012, around II Lakhs (2,10,004) cases were reported, which is a rise of 2.79% from the year before. A public prosecutor is a person who is responsible for representing the state in the courts of law. The prosecutor is responsible for presenting evidence that the crime was committed and that the accused is guilty in a court of law
Who appoints public prosecutor in India?
While working as a public prosecutor, you will serve as a legal advisor to the government and conduct the legal work of the government on behalf of the public. You will have the opportunity to work with high ranking government officials and give advice on important matters. You may also have the opportunity to give input on new laws and be involved in the legislative process. Who appoints public prosecutor in India? The Chief Justice of High Court appoints public prosecutor for all cases that come under his jurisdiction. He also selects the officer in charge of public prosecutions. The CJ has the power to appoint a public prosecutor for the whole state or a particular district or town. He can also transfer the cases to another public prosecutor if he thinks that the one appointed by him is inadequate for the purpose of the case.
How do you become a government prosecutor?
With a whopping 3 lacs candidates applying for the post of a public prosecutor every year, there are thousands of candidates who are left disappointed with the results. So, if you want to join the prestigious club of public prosecutors then you need to be a cut above the rest. To become a government prosecutor, you’ll need to meet certain requirements. To qualify for government work, you must be a U.S. citizen, at least 21 years old and eligible for a security clearance. You’ll also have to complete a bachelor’s degree program and pass an extensive background check. Next, you must apply for your state’s program to become a prosecutor.
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