This is what you need to know:.

In May, buyers line up at Costco in Brooklyn.

In May, buyers line up at Costco in Brooklyn. A loan… Justin Lane/EPA, about Shutterstock.

As coronavirus cases continue to reach record highs in the United States, nervous companies are responding by cutting back on services and tightening the rules for stealth guarantees and purchase limits.

A million surprising cases were reported last week and states responded to the growing crisis with tough measures to curb the spread of the coronavirus. News of encouraging results from the modern vaccine on Monday brought some relief to Wall Street investors, but business is picking up for what could be a long winter as there are strict blocking orders.

  • In December, American Airlines reduced the number of flights between the United States and London by about two thirds as a result of a wave of coronavirus cases on both sides of the Atlantic, threatening the already anaemic international travel market. The schedule adjustment requires a single daily American flight from Dallas to London next month after the airline cancelled its limited service from New York, Chicago and Charlotte, North Carolina.
  • The Kroger food chain has started to restrict products that were in high demand during previous pandemic outbreaks, such as bath towels, paper towels, disinfectant wipes and hand soaps. Buyers can only buy two of these products. The policy, which was approved in all Kroger stores and on the company’s website earlier this month, was introduced to ensure that all customers have access to what they need, the company said in a statement.
  • Wegmans has added new products to the list of products that are subject to purchase restrictions. Since last weekend, buyers in the regional food distribution network have only been able to buy one pack of cosmetic tissues and two packs of tissues. From spring onwards, the company limited the shipment of other items that were scarce during the pandemic, including disinfectant wipes and toilet paper. There are also restrictions on antacids and Wegman peanut butter oil. In order to avoid bottlenecks, the company has worked on creating its own holiday and winter reserves, both in its own warehouses and at our suppliers, according to the company’s representatives.
  • On Monday Costco started requiring that all members, guests and staff at all locations wore a face mask or shield. In the past, members who could not wear a mask because of their medical condition had to wear a face shield, now they have to wear a face shield if they cannot wear a mask. This updated policy may seem awkward for some, but we think the increased security is worth it, said CEO Craig Zhelinek in a statement.
  • Global markets started the week with a victory on Monday, when investors saw positive signs of a new Asian free trade agreement and a report that a second coronavirus vaccine under development was very effective in preliminary trials.
  • The S&P 500 rose more than 1% after reaching a record high on Friday. The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose by about 1.5% to its own record level.
  • This success came after Moderna, a pharmacist in Cambridge, Massachusetts, reported that her vaccine was 94.5% effective, based on an early review of her ongoing extensive research. Moderna shares rose by more than 8% on the first stock exchanges.
  • The European markets experienced a sharp increase as a result of the news of modernity. The Stoxx Europe 600 doubled its daily growth to 1.6%. The other European indices have risen to the same extent. Earlier in the day, Asian equities closed higher, with Shanghai Composite in China winning 1.1%, while Kospi in South Korea closed 2%.
  • Oil futures have also increased. The West Texas Intermediate, the US benchmark, reached more than 4%. Yields on 10-year US government bonds increased when traders decided to make riskier investments.
  • One of the largest regional free trade agreements in the world, covering 15 countries in the Asia-Pacific region and led by China, was officially approved on Sunday, reflecting Beijing’s efforts to limit US influence in the region. This is due to the withdrawal of the United States from large-scale trade agreements that are changing global relations.

President-elect Joseph R. Biden, Jr. was scheduled to give a speech on the nation's economic health and its plans for better growth.

President-elect Joseph R. Biden, Jr. will deliver a speech on the nation’s economic health and plans for greater growth. A loan… Joe Roedle/Getty Images…

President-elect Joseph R. Biden, Jr., and Vice President-elect Kamala Harris, Jr., will deliver a Monday speech on the slowing U.S. economy as a wind cross against a backdrop of rising coronavirus deaths and a growing optimism about the vaccine.

Biden is expected to address broad issues related to the economic health of the nation and its plans to improve growth and equality in the short and long term. Its performance comes at a dangerous time for the recovery from the pandemic recession.

Credit card data and other indicators show that consumers began to economize on spending this month as infection rates, hospital stays and deaths from the virus increase across the country. States have begun to introduce new restrictions on economic activities in order to curb proliferation.

On Monday, however, the stock markets rose again, encouraged by the news that the Moderna virus vaccine proved to be very effective. However, it is likely to take several months for the vaccine to become widely available, so that Americans can roughly resume the normal costs of travel, food and other services destroyed by the pandemic. Economists continue to call for a new round of immediate conference assistance to help individuals and businesses get through difficult times before the increase is complete.

Biden’s first economic test will steer the policy of the aid package: whether he wants to put pressure on his party to make a deal with Republicans for a limited rescue package this fall before Biden takes office, or whether he wants to stick to a larger package after he becomes president.

On the first day of the new restrictions, the shops in London were closed.

On the first day of the new restrictions, the shops in London were closed. A loan… Andrew Test for the New York Times.

As if a pandemic accompanied by a global economic downturn were not a sufficient problem, British producers are now increasingly faced with the possibility that their country will soon leave the European Union without an agreement regulating future cross-Channel trade.

The prospect of Brexit’s failure to act has long been threatening to kill jobs, create an investment chaos in the UK and major European economies, prevent the flow of goods through ports and make the rules for key industries – from finance to agriculture and production – unsafe.

This prospect is now becoming more and more real. The transitional period, in which nothing has changed, expires at the end of the year. In the absence of a trade agreement between the United Kingdom and the European Union, the transitional period will come to an abrupt end and the terms of trade will be unclear. As Britain sends almost half of its exports to the European bloc, a breach of the Treaty can cause serious economic damage.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has long sold braxite as the beginning of a glorious new era that will increase his country’s wealth by expanding trade with the world. But his main concern – a trade agreement with the United States – has always been the political angle, not the economic gain. With the election defeat of President Trump, Johnson’s ally and Braxit’s champion, the deal seems less likely. The new U.S. President Joseph R. Biden, Jr. preferred multilateral trading blocs such as those rejected by Britain.

British factories comfort you with fresh pains. British manufacturers, already hit by a particularly deadly pandemic in the UK and suffering from lost sales during the global recession, have a strong tendency to see brexitis as yet another wound to be cured, rather than as a commercial stimulus, as the government claims.

Only 3% of SMEs believe that Brexit will have a positive effect on their efforts to recover from the pandemic. This is the result of a study published on Monday morning by several professional associations, the Southwest Region Production Advisory Service and the Industrial Growth Program.

Small and medium-sized manufacturers were beaten by Covid-19 and now face the added challenge of rebuilding when brexite appears on the horizon, said Nick Golding, managing director of Manufacturing Consultancy, in a statement accompanying the publication of the Manufacturing Barometer. It’s like the perfect storm for management teams trying to plan…

The report is based on surveys carried out between July and September on more than 400 businesses in England. It was found that 47% of respondents did not understand the impact that their departure from the EU would have on their business, a worrying finding, as 62% of respondents said that their business had remained at a lower level than before the pandemic.

A quarter of respondents expect the recovery to take between one and five years, a process that would not have benefited from a break with the country’s largest trading partner.

Last week’s elected president, Joseph R. Biden, Jr., called for stricter regulation of financial watchdog groups, fuelling fears that he is preparing for an unexpected wave of corporate supervision.

It would have been a sharp turnaround for Trump’s administration, which has favoured Wall Street for four years by insisting on weakening banking and financial regulation after the crisis, said Alan Rapport and Jeanne Smialeck.

Among those selected for the transition to financial regulation is Gary Gansler, who chaired the Commodity Futures Trading Commission under the Obama administration. After the adoption of the Dodd-Frank Act in 2010, he enforced dozens of strict rules, some of which had been introduced by the Trump administration.

The team also includes Leandra Anglicanka, former deputy director of the Office of Financial Consumer Protection, and Dennis Kelleher, co-founder of the Best Markets Group, a renowned lobby for financial reform. Three years ago, the English woman tried in vain to prevent Mr Trump from becoming deputy director of his office and criticised Mick Malwani.

Biden’s chairmanship may be limited to a divided congress, but the regulators have a lot of power because of their ability to draft and interpret rules and decide on their strict application.

For example, Biden’s administration could take over the Consumer Agency’s efforts to limit lending and appoint officials to the Securities Commission and the Ministry of Labor to support sustainable investments.

Some see the landing groups as a sign that Mr. Biden listens to the fears of the progressive wing of his party and that he intends to be ahead of the consumer.

Banks, as scared as he is, there’s no vote in Washington.

They hear enough of their voices – we know what they’re thinking, said Anat R. Admati, a professor of finance and economics at Stanford University’s Graduate School of Business and a banking regulatory expert. A lot of people in this economy are suffering. The financial sector is not one of them.

Market situations in Australia on a more usual day.

The market in Australia on a fairly ordinary day. Credit… Ryan Pierce/Getty Pictures.

The Australian stock exchange closed early Monday morning after an upgrade failure, the worst trading disruption since 2016.

Shortly after the opening of the trade at 10.00 a.m. local time, the stock exchange indicated that it had been informed of the release of the market data. Negotiations were suspended at 10:24. Prior to closing, the S&P/ASX 200 Index rose 1.2%, the highest level since the 27th trading day. February.

In the afternoon the market announced that it would close before the end of the day. The statement said the problem had been identified and would be resolved overnight for normal trading on Tuesday.

The ASX is very disappointed with today’s disruption and regrets the disruption caused to investors, customers and other market participants, said Dominic Stevens, MX’s Director General and CEO, in a release.

The ASX stated that the implementation of multiple securities trading software in a single order had led to inaccurate market data. Monday was the first day of the Trade Refresh project – update of the trading platform on the stock exchange.

Despite extensive testing and trials and the involvement of our technology supplier, ASX takes its responsibilities seriously. The obligation to obtain this right and to provide the market with a reliable and sustainable trading system lies with us, said Stevens about the modernisation.

This is the longest break since September 2016, when the stock exchange was closed for a few hours at the opening and closing of the trade due to a malfunction in the equipment.

On the way to the exit.

On the way to the exit. A loan… T.J. Kirkpatrick for The New York Times.

Jay Clayton, a former corporate lawyer who served as chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission during the Trump’s tenure, will retire before the end of the year, he announced Monday. This step was first reported in the DealBook newsletter.

During his almost four years as President, Mr Clayton has largely lived up to the promise he made in his first speech as President by rejecting major changes in the Commission’s fundamental approach to regulation. He led a regime that was largely free of drama or major changes in the agency – with the exception of the ongoing struggle with Tesla’s boss, Alon Mask.

When he was chosen to lead the S.E.C. in 2017, few expected Mr. Clayton to worry. He was a lawyer with Sullivan & Cromwell for decades and has worked with clients such as Alibaba, Barclays and Goldman Sachs. His appointment by President Trump for a term ending in June 2021 was somewhat unexpected, as Mr Clayton was known to be largely apolitical.

According to him, his aim was to protect the long-term interests of the Main Street investor. This approach has manifested itself in movements such as the prevention of the sale of shares in the car rental company Hertz, the defence against bankruptcy and the fight against cryptographic fraud.

He also expressed his skepticism about the transparency of information for companies acquiring securitisation vehicles called SPACs, which have become very popular on Wall Street, and reiterated his fears that they could harm ordinary investors at the expense of the cunning brokers who manage them.

Critics have said that Mr. Clayton is too soft on business. However, during its mandate between 2013 and 2017, the Commission handled 3,152 cases, slightly more than its predecessor, Mary Joe White, and received mandates for larger financial solutions than its former boss. However, NPR reported that last year the L.P. initiated only 32 insider lawsuits, the lowest number since 1996.

The S.E.C.’s most remarkable fight came when it sued Tesla in 2018 for Mr. Mask’s tweets that he had taken the automaker into private hands. This led Mr. Musk to resign as president and pay a $20 million fine. In the same year, the Commission accused the company’s founder, Feronos Elizabeth Holmes, of lying about his company’s ability to test blood. She received severance pay of $500,000 and was not allowed to be a director or officer of a public company for ten years, although the authorities did not ask her to plead guilty.

Mr Clayton has followed in the footsteps of many of the Republican leaders of the C.E.S. in their pursuit of deregulation. Under his leadership, the Commission relaxed the rules on auditor independence, adopted a standard of conduct for brokers which was considered less protective by consumer protectionists and proposed to exempt most hedge funds from the obligation to disclose their shares, which met with much opposition.

One of the most memorable moments in Mr. Clayton’s office was in another government position. Earlier this year, he told Attorney General Bill Barr that he wanted to become a U.S. attorney in the Southern District of New York, although he had never been a bailiff. After Jeffrey Berman was fired, political fire forced Mr Clayton to resign.

It is unclear what Mr Clayton intends to do, although it is unlikely that he will take up another position with the company in the near future. As with other financial agencies, the Commission, under the leadership of the newly elected President Joseph R, is expected to be stricter on big business. Biden Jr.

Airbnb is expected to launch its O.P.I. Road on Monday, which plans at the wave of technology companies to go public this year. It should try to raise about $3 billion and will place its shares on the Nasdaq.

Mark Zuckerberg of Facebook and Jack Dorsey of Twitter (actually) returned to the Senate session on Tuesday, answering questions from the Judiciary Commission about how their platforms are delaying the spread of Hunter Biden’s story in the New York Post. The last time they testified was three weeks ago and since then one of the members of the committee, Kamala Harris, has been elected vice-chairman.

The pandemic of business habits will be the subject of this week’s corporate earnings. Home Depot and Walmart on Tuesday and Lowe’s and Target on Wednesday are expected to see sales increase as consumer stock up on necessities and start closing homes. On Thursday, Macy’s hopes decline as shoppers turn away from the mall.'s-Vaccin-News-Bolsters-Markets-Live-Business-Updates.png

A loan… Jarek Vasul…

The first economic test of the new government will take place a few months before the inauguration date. President-elect Joseph R. Biden, Jr. should decide whether he should urge Democratic leaders to agree on a much smaller package quickly than they say, or whether he should hold out hope for a larger package as soon as he takes office, Ben Kasselman and Jim Tankersley told The New York Times.

The delay in recovery and the accelerated spread of coronavirus infections give new urgency to negotiations on public support for households and businesses in difficulty. Mr. Biden will have a brief opportunity to take action during the session of Congress.

The confrontation with aid can create the conditions for the slow growth that has continued throughout the long period of its presidency. Republican and Democratic leaders continue to disagree on the scope and content of the rescue package, although both sides say legislators must act quickly.

Mr. Biden has always sided with the best Democrats in Congress. A transition advisor in Biden said Friday that he had started talking to lawmakers about what a slatted bag should look like.

The changing dynamics of the pandemic and recovery make the discussion more difficult. Despite the downturn, the economy proved more resilient than many experts anticipated at the onset of the coronavirus outbreak, prompting the Republicans, among other things, to resist another large dose of federal aid. However, the recent increase in hospital admissions and deaths due to the virus has increased the risk that the economy will slow down further.

Last spring, economists almost unanimously asked Congress to release as much money as possible as soon as possible. Many conservative economists now say that a much smaller number of alternatives would suffice. While progress shows that job creation has slowed and long-term unemployment has risen sharply to prove that support is trillions of dollars, a growing number of liberal economists are calling on Democrats to compromise and accept a smaller package so that the money can be paid out quickly.

Something meaningful is better than nothing, said Jason Fuhrman, former chief economic advisor to President Barack Obama. If you avoid damage to the economy today, it will be in a better position in a year’s time.

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